1. 更换成国内镜像源

sudo cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.bak 备份
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
将以下添加到最前面

#kali官方源
 deb http://http.kali.org/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
 #中科大的源
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
 deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali-security kali-current/updates main contrib non-free
 deb-src http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/kali-security kali-current/updates main contrib non-free
#阿里云源
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali-security/ kali-rolling main contrib non-free
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali-security/ kali-rolling main contrib non-free
#阿里云 
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kali kali-rolling main non-free contrib
 #清华大学
 deb http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free 
#浙大
 deb http://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free deb-src http://mirrors.zju.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling main contrib non-free 
#东软大学
 deb http://mirrors.neusoft.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling/main non-free contrib deb-src http://mirrors.neusoft.edu.cn/kali kali-rolling/main non-free contrib

Esc :wq保存

2. 升级软件源和系统

sudo apt-get update &&  sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get full-upgrade #可选
reboot

3. 安装locales(若有忽略)

sudo apt-get install locales

4. 解决乱码问题

locale -a # 查看当前系统的字符集
sudo dpkg-reconfigure locales # 空格是选择,Tab是切换,*是选中
# 选中 en_US.UTF-8 和 zh_CN.UTF-8,回车确定,并将en_US.UTF-8设置默认
sudo apt-get install xfonts-intl-chinese
sudo apt-get install ttf-wqy-microhei # 安装以上两种中文字体
reboot  # 重启收工